Dalton C. Conley, Ph.D., M.P.P.A.

Henry Putnam University Professor
Department of Sociology
Princeton University
Email: dconley@princeton.edu Discipline: Sociology Expertise: Child Health, Health Care Inequalities, Health Outcomes

Investigator Award
Family, Community, and Health
Award Year: 1999 Dr. Conley investigates the impact of family background on child health. He compares health, developmental, and behavioral outcomes among children from the same family, extended family, and community of origin. The project examines: 1) which health conditions and behaviors tend to cluster within families and which are more individually specific or community-driven; 2) why health and behavioral outcomes of some siblings, cousins, or childhood neighbors are relatively similar, while others are not; 3) how siblings affect each other's health behaviors and development; 4) how well proxies for socio-economic status explain differences in child outcomes between families; 5) whether extended family and neighborhoods have an influence on household-level effects; and 6) at what ages family environment is most critical to child health and development, and when communities are more important. Resulting information should help policymakers to better target efforts to improve specific health outcomes or behaviors among at-risk children.

Background

Dalton Conley is the Henry Putnam University Professor in the Department of Sociology at Princeton University. Previously, he was Senior Vice Provost and Dean for the Social Sciences. He also holds appointments at NYU's Wagner School of Public Service, as an adjunct professor of community medicine at Mount Sinai School of Medicine, and as a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER). In 2005, Conley became the first sociologist to win the NSF's Alan T. Waterman Award. His scholarly research focuses on how socioeconomic status is transmitted across generations and the public policies that affect that process. In this vein, he studies sibling differences in socioeconomic success, racial inequalities, the measurement of class and social status, and how health and biology affect (and are affected by) social position. Dr. Conley is author of Being Black, Living in the Red: Race, Wealth and Social Policy in America (winner of the American Sociological Association 1997 Dissertation Award), Honky, a sociological memoir, The Starting Gate: Birth Weight and Life Chances (with Kate Strully and Neil G. Bennett), and The Pecking Order: Which Siblings Succeed and Why (2004). He has received a RWJF Investigator Award and a CAREER Award from the National Science Foundation. In addition to academic journals, Conley is a frequent contributor to mainstream media, including The New York Times, Time Magazine, The Los Angeles Times, The Nation, Salon, Le Monde Diplomatique and various other trade publications.